Different Types Of LCD Displays And How To Choose The Right One?

The full form of LCD is Liquid Crystal Display. With diverse commercial and industrial screen manufacturing throughout the years, LCD technology has increased to an immense level. Flat panels containing liquid crystals that have the ability to modulate light are used to build LCDs. To generate light and create either monochromatic or colored images, these liquid crystals utilize a backlight or reflector. All displays, including flat-screen TVs, computers, and smartphones, are built with LCDs. All the information businesses need about the various types of liquid crystal displays available is provided in the following sections of this blog.

Introduction To LCD Display

ZhSunyco LCD screen for supermarket 1
Source: ZhSunyco

The word itself serves as a definition for a liquid crystal display or LCD. The solid and the liquid phases of matter are combined in it. A liquid crystal creates a viewable image on an LCD. Liquid crystal displays are ultra-thin technology display panels typically utilized in mobile video games, TVs, laptops, and computers.

In addition to electrodes and two polarized panel filters, the liquid crystal display comprises many layers. A laptop or other electronic device, such as a tiny computer, may display images thanks to LCD technology. A liquid crystal layer receives light projections from a lens. The grayscale image of the crystal is combined with colored light to create the colored image. Following that, the screen shows this image. LCD displays are used for various applications nowadays. Businesses use it for promoting or displaying their products to consumers as sight plays the most important role in attracting consumers. Companies now partner with electronic shelf label manufacturers to enhance the appearance of their retail stores.

Types Of LCD Display

LCD displays
Source: iStock

To best suit their particular use cases, different types of LCDs have been produced. The following factors should be taken into account when deciding which type of LCD display is ideal for a project:

Classified By Signal

The types of LCD screens based on the signals are mentioned below. These are the main types of LCD panels.


Because of their improved image quality, wider viewing angles, vivid color precision, and distinctiveness, IPS displays are recognized as the best LCDs. Most LCD users are graphic designers, and in some circumstances, LCDs demand the highest requirements for color and image reproduction. IPS displays are the most common type of LCD panels that are used for various products.

  • Twisted Nematic (TN) LCD

The most common way to produce TN (Twisted Nematic) LCDs and use various types of displays throughout industries. Due to their low price and quick response time compared to other types of LCD displays, these screens are most frequently utilized by gamers. These displays’ primary drawbacks include poor quality, inadequate contrast ratios, limited viewing angles, and inaccurate color reproduction. But for regular tasks, these gadgets are adequate. Both quick response times and quick refresh rates are possible with these panels. Thus, the only game displays with 240 hertz are those listed above (Hz). Because of the inaccurate twist device, although being otherwise exact, these screens exhibit poor contrast and color. These displays are commonly seen in creative store displays.

  • Vertical Alignment (VA) LCD

Compared to TN-type LCD screens, these panels have greater quality features and the best viewing angles and color reproduction. The response time of these panels is quick. However, these are significantly more useful and can be utilized daily. Compared to the twisted nematic display, this panel has better colors and deeper blacks. Additionally, in contrast to TN-type displays, different crystal orientations can provide better viewing angles. Due to their higher price compared to other displays, these displays come with a trade-off. Additionally, they have low refresh rates & slow response times.

Other Types of LCD Display

Digital LCD screens attract attention right away. They draw in and hold viewers’ attention with their vibrant colors, moving pictures, and catchy soundtracks, allowing them to communicate the information effectively. The type of business and its creativity are the only constraints on what the screen can depict. Smart shelving using LCDs has been a great asset to modern businesses.

Apart from the three main types of LCD screens, these are the other types of LCDs

  • Thin-Film-Transistor (TFT) LCD

Thin-film transistor, sometimes known as TFT, is a type of liquid crystal display (LCD). TFTs fall under the active-matrix LCDs, meaning they can concurrently address and hold some pixels on a screen while consuming very little energy. This is so that TFTs, made up of transistors and capacitors, can function and produce the best outcomes while using the least amount of energy feasible. The following capabilities are available with TFT display technology, some of which are designed to improve overall user experience.

  • Plane Line Switching (PLS)

This technology, also known as a “Super PLS Panel,” features cutting-edge technological breakthroughs such as a wide range of brightness setting options, crisp image quality, and customizable viewing angles without breaking the bank. Since they have been on the market for more than ten years, PLS panels for LCD monitors have established themselves as a credible rival to their IPS forebears. Although the technology is largely the same, IPS does provide a few modest upgrades. The primary distinction between the two is that IPS panels provide more optimal liquid molecule alignment, which results in a marginally superior viewing experience. Manufacturers like Zhsunyco ESL tag use different types of LCD panels to create product display solutions for brands and stores.

  • High Twisted Nematic (HTN)

The contrast and viewing angle of an HTN (high twisted nematic) display are comparable to those of an STN display. Low operating voltages can be employed with the HTN fluid, which is a little more expensive than TN fluid. It is, therefore, a well-liked technology for portable applications. High contrast, low power consumption, and low driving voltage are all characteristics of this type of LCD screen; however, the viewing angle is greater than that of the TN type of LCD display.

  • Super Twisted Nematic (STN)

A liquid crystal display (LCD) device known as an STN display uses passive-matrix monochrome pixels as its defining feature. STN displays come with a number of advantages while often costing more than traditional TN panels. They provide more contrast to start. The distinction between a display’s light and dark hues is referred to as contrast. The contrast is better with STN screens because the contrast between light and dark colors is bigger.

Additionally, STN displays use less energy than conventional TN panels. While in use, all display devices use electricity. Energy is a necessity for running any display device, including STN displays. However, compared to other types of LCD display devices, STN screens utilize less energy. STN displays are widely used in-store product displays such as shelf edge displays.

  • Film Super Twisted Nematic (FSTN)

A subset of STN (Super-Twisted Nematic) LCDs are FSTN (Film Compensated Super-Twisted Nematic) LCDs. The STN display is covered by a retardation film in FSTN LCDs. To create a black-and-white display, which is required to create color displays, the retardation film is employed to counteract the inherent yellow-green tint of STN LCD panels. It is a monochrome LCD display, like TN displays; however, it has a greater contrast and broader viewing angle. Wider viewing angles and increased contrast are features of FSTN displays.

  • Advanced Fringe Field Switching (AFFS)

When put in comparison with IPS displays, AFFS LCDs surpass expectations by giving the best performance. It also gives a wide spectrum of color reproduction. AFFS is sober and decent since it may lessen color distortion without giving up on the wide viewing angle. This display is typically utilized in extremely sophisticated and formal settings, such as in functional airplane cockpits.

  • Passive and Active-Matrix Display

The Passive and active-matrix type LCDs utilize a straightforward grid to enable charge to be delivered to a particular LCD pixel. A clear conductive substance like indium-tin-oxide is used to create columns in one glass layer and rows in the other. Major flaws in the passive-matrix method include a response time that is slow and imprecise voltage control. The ability of the display to update the currently shown image is mostly indicated by the display’s reaction time.

How to Choose the Right LCD Display Type for Your Application

ZhSunyco LCD screen 1
Source: ZhSunyco

There are numerous uses for an LCD display in business environments. More than that, various items that are utilized in phones, electronics, and other things are made using LCDs. A company can be unsure which LCD display type is best for their requirements, given the different types of LCD panels available.

  • Functionality

A company should spend some time investigating the many display options and functions before making a purchase. Compare those features to the fundamental technical requirements of commercial applications. In other words, a business should think about the purpose of why it is buying the display in the first place.

  • Cost

A company may believe that purchasing on the gray market is a terrific way to save money, but they frequently overlook the real cost of ownership. In addition to providing total assurance regarding the quality and support provided, purchasing the industrial display from a reputed and authorized LCD screen manufacturer can ensure that the best business pricing is being realized.

  • Image Quality

From one type of LCD display to the next, the image quality of these items can differ dramatically. For instance, the visuals on the color TFT LCD modules are of photographic quality. These screens can be found in various touchscreen-equipped appliances, smartphones, televisions, and other devices. But other LCDs, which can be used for testing devices, some office computers, and more, typically have substantially worse image quality. Contrarily, mono graphic LCDs may display both still images and moving pictures and offer an interface that is either grayscale or monochrome.

  • Consumption Of Power

For an image or video to be displayed, this amount of electricity is needed. It will affect how long the battery lasts between charges, making it a crucial factor to consider for portable devices.

  • Size

The placement of the LCD should define the screen size. For maximum advertising effectiveness, ensure the LCD display is mounted in a visible location unhindered by any physical barriers. When selecting the size, take into account the audience’s viewing distance. LCD advertising monitors for outdoor use should be far larger than those utilized for office or interior applications.


The invention of LCD screens has facilitated corporate promotion and advertising due to the ongoing advancement of technology. Businesses can now showcase user-generated material and demonstrate their products visually to draw in more customers.

Although users can do it themselves with an image or video editing application, LCD display manufacturers can offer specialized software to make the usage seamless and more expert. The LCD panel can be modified as a touch screen, enabling users to tailor the display to the areas they are most interested in. This will address the majority of their inquiries regarding your goods and services. Contact Zhsunyco® to get the best custom LCD screens and other digital displays equipments.

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